Teens’ Fast Paced Lifestyle and Oral Health


are-teens-lifestyles-ruining-their-teethA typical and congested day of teens includes shuffling through classes, sports, plays and part time jobs which always keep them on their toes. In trying to keep-up with their fast paced jam-packed schedule, teens are becoming more dependent on quick snacks like carbonated drinks and nutrition bars. These quick snacks keep them alert but they are causing irreversible damage to their oral health.

Jane Soxman, DDS, is of the view ‘Premature loss of tooth enamel and weakening of overall tooth structure are two devastating oral effects of teens’ poor diet that cannot be reversed later in life.”

What are adverse effects of carbonated drinks on teens’ oral health?

Adolescence is a time period for optimal bone growth, so more nutrients are needed to strengthen teeth and bones. But these nutrients and calories begin to counteract when teens’ tend to consume carbonated drinks and the following damages begin to occur to their oral health:

Soda And Tooth Erosion

  • Carbonated drinks are a major reason of increasing cavities among teens.
  • Acids in sodas and energy drinks break down tooth enamel, especially around sealants and previously done restorations thus leading to tooth decay or tooth loss.
  • Phosphoric, citric, tartaric and carbonic acids in various carbonated drinks limit the calcium absorption capacity in the bone structure of the oral cavity. This lack of calcium intake can lead to periodontal bone loss.

 How does snacking affect your teeth?

To-go bars and non-nutritious snacks are affecting teens’ teeth and over the time, they can take a toll on their teeth.

  • When sugar in the nutrition bars or snacks comes into contact with the bacteria in the mouth, it attacks teeth and eventually results in tooth decay.
  • Added sugars in foods may lead to tooth decay. Read the food labels and choose the foods with low added sugars.
  • Non-nutritious snacks or foods make it difficult for tissues in mouth to resist infection and this may lead to periodontal disease.

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for the best possible and state-of-art dental solutions. Our certified dental expert uses top of the line techniques and as well helps you to fight back dental problems.

Cracked Tooth Syndrome

Cracked Tooth AcheCracked Tooth Syndrome, also known as ‘cracked cusp syndrome’ or ‘split tooth syndrome’ refers to the situation where a tooth is incompletely cracked but no part of it is broken off. Such cracks are too small to be visible on X-rays and at times, these are under the gum. This syndrome most commonly affects the lower back teeth because they absorb most of the forces of chewing.

What causes Cracked Tooth Syndrome?

  • Habit of clenching or grinding teeth makes people more susceptible to cracked tooth syndrome.
  • At times, a normal bite makes certain molar cusps to put so much pressure on the opposing tooth that it cracks.
  • Teeth that have undergone root canal treatment or teeth with fillings are at larger risk of getting cracked as they have become weaker.
  • Moreover, if you have one cracked tooth, you are at the greater risk of having more either at the same time or in future.

What are the signs and symptoms of Cracked Tooth Syndrome?

Cracked Tooth Syndrome is one of those dental problems which are difficult to be diagnosed, because the pain associated with the problem is not predictable. The patient may report the following variable symptoms:

  • Sharp pain while biting on a certain tooth; which gets worse when applied biting force is increased.
  • Tooth may become more sensitive to cold temperatures i.e. sharp pain while drinking cold beverages or eating cold food.
  • Sharp, fleeting pain when biting force is released from the tooth.
  • Feeling pain while backward and forward grinding of teeth
  • Eating and drinking sugary substances brings pain.
  • Eating certain foods and biting in a specific way may be painful.

What are the treatment options available to treat Cracked Tooth Syndrome?

Treatment of the condition depends upon the locations, direction and extent up to which tooth is cracked. Following are the treatment options used to treat the conditions:

  • If one or more cusps are affected, then dentists may restore them with ‘Crown’.
  • A root canal may be advised if your pulp is affected.
  • A tooth may be extracted in the case where crack is extended into the root of the tooth under the bone. You can have the extracted tooth replaced with an implant or a bridge.

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for the best possible and state-of-art dental solutions. Our certified dental expert uses top of the line techniques and as well helps you to fight back dental problems.

Tooth Extraction Aftercare

Tooth Extraction Aftercare

Your dentist might recommend tooth or teeth extraction for a number of reasons like; severely damaged tooth, tooth decay, hassles in the orthodontic treatment or wisdom tooth removal. Tooth extraction is a crucial procedure but its aftercare is all the more crucial. So, when you have your tooth extracted, you need to take some special care of your mouth as it would not only help you to feel better but also help you to heal faster.

Follow the below mentioned instructions for tooth extraction aftercare as these are important for your well being and comfort:

Pain control: Take the recommended dose of pain relief medication as prescribed by your dentist. Take the first dose of pain relief before the numbness wears off. You can also apply an ice or cold pack to the outside of your mouth to relieve pain.

Control Bleeding: An oral wound usually bleeds more than the one on the skin because saliva prevents clot formation. Once the clot is formed, you need not to dislodge this. Bite firmly on the gauze pad provided by your dentist for 30-45 minutes. The pressure helps in forming the blood-clot. Bite on the gauze pad, till the bleeding stops. Try to avoid excessive spitting and rubbing the area with tongue as it can dislodge the blood clot.

Activity: Limit your activity after the extraction. Take rest as the physical activity may increase bleeding. While taking rest, keep your head elevated.

Diet: Eat soft foods for the first 24 hours. Avoid the foods that are hard, chewy, hot or spicy; as they may get stuck in the socket or irritate your wound. Drink lots of water or fluids after surgery. But avoid alcoholic, carbonated, caffeinated or hot beverages. Avoid drinking or sucking up with a straw for at least a week as it can dislodge the blood clot.

Cleaning: Do not brush your teeth, rinse mouth; spit or use mouthwash for the first 24 hrs. Your dentist will allow you to brush after first 24 hours. But while brushing after that, be gentle near the surgical wound and rinse your mouth with warm salt water every two hours and after each meal.

Consuming Tobacco: If you smoke or use spit tobacco, stop smoking and using spit tobacco for next 3-4 days because this slows the healing process and as well affects your ability to fight back infection. Moreover, sucking process of smoking may prevent the clot formation.

At times, you may need stitches after tooth extraction. These sutures either fall out or dissolve and if they are non-resorbable; your dentist will schedule a follow-up appointment to remove these stitches.

Precautions: If you observe or feel any of the below mentioned symptoms, call your dentist immediately:
• Severe pain the day after extraction
• Excessive bleeding that is hard to control
• Swelling around the extracted tooth worsens
• Any reaction to the prescribed medication like; itching or rashes

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for the best possible dental care solutions. Our dedicated dental health expert uses industry-leading technologies and also helps you fight back severe dental problems.

Oral Care Guidelines for the Kids with Braces

Oral Care Guidelines

If your child’s teeth are crooked, overlapping or overcrowded, there is every possibility that your dentist suggests to fix them with braces. When your child wears braces his/her oral hygiene becomes even all the more important. You should help your child clean his/her teeth and braces properly to avoid and prevent any gum disease and cavities. Plaque and food particles easily get trapped between the tiny places in your braces and can cause tooth decay and enamel stains around brackets and bands. Children may find it difficult to brush around the braces, but with little practice and thorough guidance, eventually, it will become easier for them. The following oral care tips will help your child to develop a healthy oral care routine:

  • Help your child to develop a routine of brushing twice in a day when he has his braces on.
  • Ask your dentist for a specialized mouth guard, if your child plays contact sports.
  • Make your child learn proper cleaning techniques and try to supervise him in earlier days.
  • Child can make use of rubber picks to clean around the brace brackets.
  • Child should clean or brush the teeth one by one and most importantly, should clean the backs of their teeth.
  • Find appropriate brush heads for your child and replace them every three months.
  • Make your child floss once a day using specific floss which is specially developed for cleaning around braces.
  • Make him/her rinse  the teeth thoroughly with water or mouthwash after brushing and flossing.
  • Avoid the foods that are sticky or hard like; candy, gum, taffy, caramels, hard pretzels, pop-corn and carrots.
  • Avoid hard-to-bite foods like; apples or bagels.
  • Encourage your child to limit the intake of soda and sweetened beverages as they cause tooth decay.
  • Most of the orthodontists recommend to brush with a fluoride tooth paste after every snack. A fluoridated mouth wash can also be used, as it can reach places where tooth-brush cannot.
  • Child may use a waterpik or airflosser to flush out the stuck food.
  • Schedule regular appointment with dentist for professional cleaning and check-ups’.

 To keep your child’s teeth in good health and shape, it very important that they should follow a healthy and hygienic oral regime. There are lots of ways to make wearing braces an easy experience for your child. Feel free to contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD if you need to ask any questions related with oral health care of your child. Our dedicated dental health expert will provide you with the best possible solutions to treat any of the oral health related problems and makes it sure that you get the best possible care.

Are Sports Drinks as Harmful as Sodas to Kids Teeth?

Harmful Sports drinks

With summers approaching; kids would soon get indulged in outdoor activities. As they play in the hot sun, they will feel more temped to drink sugary sports drinks or energy drinks in large quantity to stay cool and hydrated. Dentists have always been of the view that over-consumption of these sugary beverages harm the child’s teeth, so they advise parents to monitor and limit the number of these drinks. Dentists understand the need of the young athletes to stay hydrated but they also state that young athletes do not necessarily need to intake these sports drinks to replace the carbohydrates, proteins and electrolytes after exercise.

What do the Sports Drinks contain?

Sports Drinks consist of minerals, carbohydrates, electrolytes and flavouring. These drinks are intended to replace the water and electrolytes lost during vigorous exercise or sports activities. But these drinks are usually unnecessary and harmful as they carry extra calories and whereas plain water is still the best energizer. The extra calories in these drinks just result in obesity and dental problems.

What damages can sports drinks cause to our teeth?

Studies show that sports drinks can cause three to eleven times greater enamel damage than carbonated drinks. These drinks can cause following damages to your child’s teeth:

  • High levels of acidity and sugar concentrations in the sports’ drinks can erode both enamel and roots of the teeth.
  • Sugar itself does not rot the teeth but the acid that is produced after sugar comes into the contact with certain bacteria in the mouth, rots the teeth.
  • These drinks are damaging because they get prolonged amount of time washed over the teeth as they are sipped throughout the day.
  • Acid from these sugary drinks can have an erosive effect on the entire tooth.
  • The tooth enamel can lose calcium because of acidity present in the sports drinks.
  • Thee erosive acids in sports’ drinks dissolve even the fluoride rich enamel and cause caries.

What preventive measures can parents take to control the consumption of sports drinks?

Parents can follow below listed preventive measures to save their child’s teeth from getting eroded:

  • Encourage children to consume water instead of sports drinks.
  • If children consume sports drinks, they should consume as much water, as water will wash away any residual sports drink and it will not linger on their teeth.
  • Parents can also encourage their children to dilute drink with water as it will lessen the sugar and acidity concentration.
  • Reduce the drink size and use a straw to keep the damaging liquid away from your teeth.
  • Reduce the contact time of sports drink with your teeth by swallowing them immediately.
  • Do not swish sports drinks around the mouth.
  • Do not forget to rinse your mouthguards only in water.
  • Seek out dental friendly sports drinks.
  • Add-in the slices of fresh fruits like oranges or strawberries to make water more appealing.
  • You can also offer them low-fat chocolate milk instead, as they also are good at promoting recovery between workouts.

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD to prevent and fight back severe dental problems and save your child from tooth decay or tooth lose.

Invisalign: How does it work? What are its benefits over metal braces?

invisalign_smileYour smile has a great impact on your self-esteem. So everybody wants a beautiful and confident smile. But whenever you think about getting beautiful smile through dental braces, you get worried about the metal brackets and wires attached to them and their aesthetic impact. To make you free from all these worries and hassles, Invisalign treatment is the best and state-of-art treatment available which is as well virtually invisible to another person’s eye.

What is Invisalign and how does it work?

Invisalign treatment makes use of aligners made of thermoplastic material which is virtually invisible. These aligners are custom-made and gradually shift your teeth into the sequence, planned out by your dentist or orthodontist. A series of aligners is supplied to you during the treatment. You are made to use a new set of aligners approximately after every two to three weeks. Not all the teeth are moved at a time but only a certain teeth are shifted during each stage. The time your treatment will take is determined by the severity of your condition and by your dentist as well.

How often should I wear my aligners?

You must wear your aligners 20 to 22 hours a day and remove them for eating, brushing and flossing. There are no restrictions regarding eating or drinking while you are undergoing treatment. As aligners are removable and you are only required to remove them whenever you eat or drink.

What are the precautions I must take while undergoing the treatment?

You must observe the following precautions for the effective treatment:

  • Brush your teeth thoroughly after every meal and before re-inserting the aligners.
  • Dentist refrain you from smoking as it can discolor the aligners.
  • Clean your teeth properly after consuming every sugary beverage.
  • Remove your aligners before chewing gum as it will stick to the aligners
  • Do not use hot water at any time on your aligners as this may lead to irreparable warping of plastic.
  • Use lukewarm water or Invisalign’s Cleaning System with cleaning crystals to clean your aligners

What are benefits of Invisalign over traditional metal braces?

Invisalign is a state -of -art treatment for straightening your teeth and getting you a bright and beautiful smile. It has various advantages as compared to that of metal braces:

  • Invisalign aligners are invisible as they are made of BPA-free invisible plastic as compared to the metal brackets and wires of the metal braces
  • Invisalign’s aligner trays are removable as compared to fixed metal braces
  • You can brush and floss normally thus maintaining a good oral hygiene
  • Aligners do not cause any irritation to your cheeks or gums as they are made up of soft thermo-plastic.
  • Effectively and painlessly treats a wide variety of issues including crowding, spacing, cross bite, overbite and under bite.

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for the leading-edge and state-of-art treatment of your dental problems. We use minimally invasive and patient-proven corrective methods to treat your dental problems and as well educate you to check the recurrence of those problems.

Tooth Sensitivity


Are your Teeth Sensitive? What makes them sensitive?

When the activities like brushing, flossing and eating or drinking something hot or frozen triggers sharp and temporary pain in your tooth or teeth , it is known as tooth sensitivity .The problem of tooth sensitivity arises, when your gums recede back thus exposing the surface beneath called dentin. Dentin has thousands of tiny tubes which lead to fluid filled nerves. Due to exposed dentin, these nerves get easily stimulated and trigger temporary pain in your tooth or teeth, when you eat or drink something hot or cold, touch your teeth or expose them to cold air.

Why do you experience this tooth malady?

You can experience tooth sensitivity because of the following reasons:

  • Wear and tear of your tooth enamel due to brushing too hard or brushing your teeth with a hard bristled tooth brush.
  • Eating too much of acidic foods can erode your tooth enamel and expose the dentin, thus leading to tooth sensitivity.
  • Gum diseases or gingivitis result in inflamed and sore gums and also in receded gums thus exposing the roots of gums.
  • Using too much mouthwash to keep your breath fresh or minty may lead to sore mouth and may turn your teeth sensitive.
  • Grinding or clinching your teeth may wear down your tooth enamel and expose the dentin.
  • If your teeth are broken or chipped, they get filled with bacteria. These bacteria enter the pulp causing pain and inflammation.
  • Using too much of tooth whitening products and toothpastes with bleaching solutions can lead to teeth sensitivity.
  • Your age can also be a determinant factor. Tooth sensitivity is maximum at the age of 25 and 30.
  • Frequent tooth cleaning, root planning, crown replacement and tooth restorations to keep your smile pearly white can lead to tooth sensitivity.
  • The building-up of plaque at the root surfaces can lead to tooth sensitivity.
  • If your fillings get weakened or fractured and bacteria accumulate in theses cracked fillings, this leads to acid – formulation and enamel breakdown.


Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for any of your tooth related problems. Our diligent and compassionate dentists will not only resolve your present problem but also educate you for the future.