Teens’ Fast Paced Lifestyle and Oral Health


are-teens-lifestyles-ruining-their-teethA typical and congested day of teens includes shuffling through classes, sports, plays and part time jobs which always keep them on their toes. In trying to keep-up with their fast paced jam-packed schedule, teens are becoming more dependent on quick snacks like carbonated drinks and nutrition bars. These quick snacks keep them alert but they are causing irreversible damage to their oral health.

Jane Soxman, DDS, is of the view ‘Premature loss of tooth enamel and weakening of overall tooth structure are two devastating oral effects of teens’ poor diet that cannot be reversed later in life.”

What are adverse effects of carbonated drinks on teens’ oral health?

Adolescence is a time period for optimal bone growth, so more nutrients are needed to strengthen teeth and bones. But these nutrients and calories begin to counteract when teens’ tend to consume carbonated drinks and the following damages begin to occur to their oral health:

Soda And Tooth Erosion

  • Carbonated drinks are a major reason of increasing cavities among teens.
  • Acids in sodas and energy drinks break down tooth enamel, especially around sealants and previously done restorations thus leading to tooth decay or tooth loss.
  • Phosphoric, citric, tartaric and carbonic acids in various carbonated drinks limit the calcium absorption capacity in the bone structure of the oral cavity. This lack of calcium intake can lead to periodontal bone loss.

 How does snacking affect your teeth?

To-go bars and non-nutritious snacks are affecting teens’ teeth and over the time, they can take a toll on their teeth.

  • When sugar in the nutrition bars or snacks comes into contact with the bacteria in the mouth, it attacks teeth and eventually results in tooth decay.
  • Added sugars in foods may lead to tooth decay. Read the food labels and choose the foods with low added sugars.
  • Non-nutritious snacks or foods make it difficult for tissues in mouth to resist infection and this may lead to periodontal disease.

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for the best possible and state-of-art dental solutions. Our certified dental expert uses top of the line techniques and as well helps you to fight back dental problems.


Oral Care Guidelines for the Kids with Braces

Oral Care Guidelines

If your child’s teeth are crooked, overlapping or overcrowded, there is every possibility that your dentist suggests to fix them with braces. When your child wears braces his/her oral hygiene becomes even all the more important. You should help your child clean his/her teeth and braces properly to avoid and prevent any gum disease and cavities. Plaque and food particles easily get trapped between the tiny places in your braces and can cause tooth decay and enamel stains around brackets and bands. Children may find it difficult to brush around the braces, but with little practice and thorough guidance, eventually, it will become easier for them. The following oral care tips will help your child to develop a healthy oral care routine:

  • Help your child to develop a routine of brushing twice in a day when he has his braces on.
  • Ask your dentist for a specialized mouth guard, if your child plays contact sports.
  • Make your child learn proper cleaning techniques and try to supervise him in earlier days.
  • Child can make use of rubber picks to clean around the brace brackets.
  • Child should clean or brush the teeth one by one and most importantly, should clean the backs of their teeth.
  • Find appropriate brush heads for your child and replace them every three months.
  • Make your child floss once a day using specific floss which is specially developed for cleaning around braces.
  • Make him/her rinse  the teeth thoroughly with water or mouthwash after brushing and flossing.
  • Avoid the foods that are sticky or hard like; candy, gum, taffy, caramels, hard pretzels, pop-corn and carrots.
  • Avoid hard-to-bite foods like; apples or bagels.
  • Encourage your child to limit the intake of soda and sweetened beverages as they cause tooth decay.
  • Most of the orthodontists recommend to brush with a fluoride tooth paste after every snack. A fluoridated mouth wash can also be used, as it can reach places where tooth-brush cannot.
  • Child may use a waterpik or airflosser to flush out the stuck food.
  • Schedule regular appointment with dentist for professional cleaning and check-ups’.

 To keep your child’s teeth in good health and shape, it very important that they should follow a healthy and hygienic oral regime. There are lots of ways to make wearing braces an easy experience for your child. Feel free to contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD if you need to ask any questions related with oral health care of your child. Our dedicated dental health expert will provide you with the best possible solutions to treat any of the oral health related problems and makes it sure that you get the best possible care.

Are My Gums Receding? And Why?

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Have you ever noticed you’re often in the dark about having put on weight until the day you need to don that dress or suit that’s been hiding in the closet since last year? Progressive change can be difficult to notice, especially when it occurs to us and not someone else.  Changes that occur along our gum line certainly fall into this category, and given the measurement used to gauge erosion is measured in millimeters, it’s no wonder it’s easy to miss. So, how much erosion is normal, and what causes it? Let’s take a look.

What’s “Normal”?

Unfortunately to most, gum recession is considered to be a normal part of aging.  Even the expression “long in the tooth” stems from the age-old story that as we get older, our gum line tends to recede and expose more of the surface of our teeth. But there really is nothing “normal” about gum recession, and for most of us, it can actually be prevented. So, unless you’re inclined to keep things as they are, and embrace gum recession as the well-paid price of wisdom, we can help.

First things first. There are a host of factors that contribute to the erosion of your gumline. The best part is, the VAST majority of these causes are preventable.

The Biggest Offenders:

  • Clenching or grinding your teeth
  • Over-vigorous, or improper brushing
  • Aggressive flossing
  • Exposure to acids in sports and energy drinks
  • Tobacco use
  • The frequent use of whitening products

All of the above causes of gum loss can be prevented. All of them.  If you grind your teeth at night, you can wear a mouth guard. If you brush as though you’re sanding down the statue of David, learn proper technique from your dentist, or from a video online. Bleeding a lot when flossing? You’re not slicing cheese – go easy, there, friend!  If you smoke, drink too many energy drinks, or chew tobacco, cut back, or stop altogether. None of that stuff is good for you in any way imaginable. And lastly, if you’re actually trying to look like Ross from the show “Friends” by abusing whitening strips, you can stop now, your teeth have got to be super-white already!

Be Proactive

What’s next? How can you tell if your gums are receding faster than the Amazon rainforest? Well, the most proactive step you can take is to visit your dentist. In fact, if you’re going regularly, your dentist has been monitoring your recession for some years now. If you’ve ever noticed your dentist poking around in your mouth with a metal object you can’t see, all while reciting numbers to the hygienist, he’s probably doing two things: measuring the recession of your gums, and the depths of your gum pockets. Both speak to the health of your gum line.

So, the next time you hear your dentist reading off what seem like lottery number choices, just ask how your gum-health is going … they’ll be happy to keep you in the loop.

The first sign of gum recession is usually tooth sensitivity, so be on the lookout for this tell-tale sign. Reduce, or eliminate the above discussed habits, and ask your dentist how you’re doing in terms of taking care of your gums. With a little bit of knowledge and proactive behavior, no one will be saying you’re “long in the tooth” any time soon, and you’ll still be able to maintain your sage status. And, that’s a good thing.

Oral Care: Causes of Toothaches, Their Treatment and Prevention

Toothache, also referred to as Dental Pain or Dentalgia, is the most common dental emergency. Toothache refers to the pain in the teeth and their supporting structures, which is triggered by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases. What are the most common causes of Toothache? Toothache is a constantly throbbing pain and may be set off by certain foods or drinks. Apart from Tooth Decay, various other dental problems including the following can cause toothache: Tootheache treatment

  • Pulpitis (inflammation of pulp)
  • Dental Caries
  • Dental Trauma
  • Dentin Hypersensitivity
  • Tooth Abscess
  • Tooth fracture
  • A damaged filling
  • Infected Gums
  • Apical Periodontitis (inflammation of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone)
  • Alveolar Osteitis
  • Trench Mouth ( a gum infection)
  • Dyspepsia
  • Acute Pericoronitis of Lower Wisdom Tooth

How can Toothache be treated? The kind of treatment you receive largely depends upon the cause of your toothache. Dentists, after making a complete oral examination may suggest the following treatments:

  • If toothache is due to cavity, dentists may fill the cavity or extract your tooth.
  • If loose or broken filling is causing the problem, the dentist may put new filling in the place after clearing out the decayed or the broken one.
  • Root canal treatment may be suggested for treating the infected gums.
  • Pain medicines or antibiotics may be prescribed to speed up healing.
  • Treatment of TMJ may involve surgery, stress minimizing techniques and mouth guard to check the tooth grinding.
  • To lessen the pain and inflammation associated with toothache, Phototherapy with cold laser may be used.

How to prevent Toothaches? Toothaches can be prevented by strictly following a hygienic oral regime and by keeping your gums and teeth as healthy as possible. For healthy gums and teeth, you need to follow the below listed practices:

  • Brush your teeth at least  twice a day with a fluoride containing toothpaste
  • Floss at least for once in a day to clean between your teeth
  • Visit your dentists for regular and scheduled dental check-ups and professional cleanings
  • Eat healthy diet; consume less sugary foods and drinks
  • Do not smoke, as smoking can worsen certain dental problems

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for the professional and state-of-art treatment of acute and chronic dental problems. We not only provide treatment for the current ailments but also educate you by providing oral hygiene instructions that help you to check the recurrence of dental problems.

Women’s Oral Health

How do the Hormonal Fluctuations in Women affect their Oral Health?

It is an established and well-known fact that women experience mood swings due to the hormonal changes at different stages of life. But these hormonal changes related with the puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause affect their oral health also and make them more susceptible to dental problems at certain stages of their life.

At which stages, do the women become more susceptible to oral health problems?

In a woman’s life, there are five main situations when the hormonal variations make them more prone to oral diseases. They are:

  • Puberty: During the puberty, an increase in the production of women hormones viz. estrogen and progesterone is noted. This increases the blood flow to gums and alter the ways the gum tissues react to the bacterial plaque; thus resulting in reddened, swelled and bleeding gum tissues.
  • Monthly Menstrual Cycle: Hormonal variations during the menstrual cycle lead to oral health problems like; red, swollen and bleeding gums, swollen salivary glands, canker sores and gingivitis.
  • Pregnancy: The considerable changes in the hormonal level during pregnancy lead to gum diseases or gingival inflammation known as “pregnancy gingivitis.” At times, these changes heighten the inflammation so much so that it becomes localized and presents itself as a sore known as “pregnancy tumor.”
  • Oral Contraceptives: Women taking birth control pills may develop gingivitis. It happens because these pills contain progesterone and they increase the level of that hormone in the body leading to inflamed gum tissue.
  • Menopause: Due to menopause, levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease in the blood stream. Numerous oral changes can occur including; altered taste, discomfort in the mouth, pain and burning sensation, sensitivity to hot and cold beverages, tooth decay, gum diseases and loss of jaw bone due to osteoporosis.

Which preventive measures should women take to prevent these oral health related issues?

Visiting your dentists regularly and by following the below mentioned measures women can prevent these oral problems that they have to face at the certain stages of their life:

  • Observe a good oral hygiene; i.e. brush your teeth twice a day using a fluoride containing tooth paste and floss at least once in a day.
  • Pregnant women should consult their dentists regarding nutritional counseling and should observe strict plaque controlling measures.
  • If you are pregnant and suffer from morning sickness, then rinse your mouth immediately after every vomiting.
  • Women experiencing dry mouth during pregnancy and menopause should drink lots of water and chew sugar less gum or candy.
  • To treat oral contraceptives related gingivitis, women should visit their dentists for professional cleanings.
  • During the menopause, visit your dentist twice a year for oral examination and cleaning.
  • Eat a well balanced diet.
  • Avoid sugary and starchy food.

Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for any of your oral health related issues. We use state of the art technology to diagnose and treat your oral problems and help you to attain and sustain a pearly white smile.