Are your Teeth Sensitive? What makes them sensitive?
When the activities like brushing, flossing and eating or drinking something hot or frozen triggers sharp and temporary pain in your tooth or teeth , it is known as tooth sensitivity .The problem of tooth sensitivity arises, when your gums recede back thus exposing the surface beneath called dentin. Dentin has thousands of tiny tubes which lead to fluid filled nerves. Due to exposed dentin, these nerves get easily stimulated and trigger temporary pain in your tooth or teeth, when you eat or drink something hot or cold, touch your teeth or expose them to cold air.
Why do you experience this tooth malady?
You can experience tooth sensitivity because of the following reasons:
- Wear and tear of your tooth enamel due to brushing too hard or brushing your teeth with a hard bristled tooth brush.
- Eating too much of acidic foods can erode your tooth enamel and expose the dentin, thus leading to tooth sensitivity.
- Gum diseases or gingivitis result in inflamed and sore gums and also in receded gums thus exposing the roots of gums.
- Using too much mouthwash to keep your breath fresh or minty may lead to sore mouth and may turn your teeth sensitive.
- Grinding or clinching your teeth may wear down your tooth enamel and expose the dentin.
- If your teeth are broken or chipped, they get filled with bacteria. These bacteria enter the pulp causing pain and inflammation.
- Using too much of tooth whitening products and toothpastes with bleaching solutions can lead to teeth sensitivity.
- Your age can also be a determinant factor. Tooth sensitivity is maximum at the age of 25 and 30.
- Frequent tooth cleaning, root planning, crown replacement and tooth restorations to keep your smile pearly white can lead to tooth sensitivity.
- The building-up of plaque at the root surfaces can lead to tooth sensitivity.
- If your fillings get weakened or fractured and bacteria accumulate in theses cracked fillings, this leads to acid – formulation and enamel breakdown.
Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for any of your tooth related problems. Our diligent and compassionate dentists will not only resolve your present problem but also educate you for the future.
Toothache, also referred to as Dental Pain or Dentalgia, is the most common dental emergency. Toothache refers to the pain in the teeth and their supporting structures, which is triggered by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases. What are the most common causes of Toothache? Toothache is a constantly throbbing pain and may be set off by certain foods or drinks. Apart from Tooth Decay, various other dental problems including the following can cause toothache:
- Pulpitis (inflammation of pulp)
- Dental Caries
- Dental Trauma
- Dentin Hypersensitivity
- Tooth Abscess
- Tooth fracture
- A damaged filling
- Infected Gums
- Apical Periodontitis (inflammation of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone)
- Alveolar Osteitis
- Trench Mouth ( a gum infection)
- Acute Pericoronitis of Lower Wisdom Tooth
How can Toothache be treated? The kind of treatment you receive largely depends upon the cause of your toothache. Dentists, after making a complete oral examination may suggest the following treatments:
- If toothache is due to cavity, dentists may fill the cavity or extract your tooth.
- If loose or broken filling is causing the problem, the dentist may put new filling in the place after clearing out the decayed or the broken one.
- Root canal treatment may be suggested for treating the infected gums.
- Pain medicines or antibiotics may be prescribed to speed up healing.
- Treatment of TMJ may involve surgery, stress minimizing techniques and mouth guard to check the tooth grinding.
- To lessen the pain and inflammation associated with toothache, Phototherapy with cold laser may be used.
How to prevent Toothaches? Toothaches can be prevented by strictly following a hygienic oral regime and by keeping your gums and teeth as healthy as possible. For healthy gums and teeth, you need to follow the below listed practices:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride containing toothpaste
- Floss at least for once in a day to clean between your teeth
- Visit your dentists for regular and scheduled dental check-ups and professional cleanings
- Eat healthy diet; consume less sugary foods and drinks
- Do not smoke, as smoking can worsen certain dental problems
Contact Dr. Bikram Singh DMD for the professional and state-of-art treatment of acute and chronic dental problems. We not only provide treatment for the current ailments but also educate you by providing oral hygiene instructions that help you to check the recurrence of dental problems.
What do we mean by Dentin Hypersensitivity?
Do you feel an electric stinging sensation when you eat ice cream or drink iced tea; bite down on a chocolate bar or gulp some hot soup? There are the chances that you have “Dentin Hypersensitivity or Sensitive Teeth.” When you have sensitive teeth, actions such as; flossing, eating, drinking, brushing etc. cause sharp pain in your teeth. Various reasons ranging from trauma to dental disease can cause sensitive teeth. People falling in the age group of 20 to 50 are more prone to this condition.
What are the causes of Dentin Hypersensitivity?
Gradual exposure of the dentine, the softer part of your tooth lying just beneath the tooth enamel; causes Dentin Hypersensitivity. Dentine consists of the fluid filled nerve fibers and this fluid moves due to drinking or eating hot or cold foods, thus leading to sharp or discomforting pain in the tooth or teeth.
Dentine can become exposed due to various reasons including:
- Brushing frequently
- Brushing vigorously by applying pressure
- Brushing your teeth with hard bristled brush
- Gingivitis or Gum Disease
- Swelled or weakened gum tissues
- Bruxism or grinding your teeth at night or throughout the day
- Recession of Gums
- Periodontal Disease
- Dental procedures like Tooth Whitening
- Over consumption of dietary acids like; citrus fruits and juices
- Excessive consumption of carbonated drinks
- Thinning Enamel
- Gastric reflux
- Poor oral hygiene
What are the treatments suggested to treat Dentin Hypersensitivity?
After detecting and verifying the cause underlying Tooth Sensitivity, specific treatments are suggested by the dentists. Most commonly, below mentioned suggestions are forwarded by the dentists:
- Brush your teeth with desensitizing toothpaste, as it helps to relieve pain by filling the channels in the dentin.
- Clear the plaque, a gummy white substance which irritates your teeth; by brushing twice and flossing at least once in a day.
- Use a soft bristled tooth brush and as well apply less pressure while brushing.
- Avoid chewing tobacco, most commonly known as dip or snuff. As tobacco along with causing oral cancer also recedes the gums, thus leading to sensitivity.
- Refrain yourself from consuming excess acidic foods.
- Avoid clenching your teeth. Ask for a mouth guard from your dentist for night time.
Apart from above mentioned ways, regularly consult your dentist and follow his advice and recommendations to treat your sensitive teeth.
Contact Dr. Bikram Singh D.M.D. for any of yours tooth related problems. We use state of the art techniques and equipment to provide our patients with best possible solutions for their dental problems.